“Nigerian Vegetarian Recipes: Exploring the Colorful and Flavorful World of Plant-Based Delights”

By bobbreich@gmail.com •  Updated: 11/24/23 •  5 min read

Nigerian Vegetarian Recipes: Exploring the Colorful and Flavorful World of Plant-Based Delights


Vegetarianism and plant-based diets have gained significant popularity in recent years. People are increasingly opting for these dietary choices due to their numerous health benefits, ethical considerations, and environmental sustainability. Nigerian cuisine, known for its rich and vibrant flavors, offers a unique and delightful range of vegetarian dishes that cater to those following a plant-based lifestyle.

Traditional Nigerian Cuisine: An Overview

Nigerian cuisine is diverse, reflecting the country’s cultural heritage and regional variations. It incorporates a wide array of spices, herbs, fruits, vegetables, grains, tubers, and legumes. Common ingredients include cassava, yam, plantains, tomatoes, peppers (such as scotch bonnet), onions, okra, beans (black-eyed peas), melon seeds (egusi), palm oil, coconut milk, and various seasonings.

The Rise of Vegetarianism in Nigeria

In recent years, vegetarianism has seen a rise in popularity among Nigerians. This shift can be attributed to various factors. Firstly, cultural changes have influenced dietary habits as Nigerians become more exposed to international cuisines that often include vegetarian options. Additionally, health-conscious individuals are adopting vegetarianism as a way to prevent diseases such as obesity and heart conditions.

Exploring Flavorful Nigerian Vegetarian Recipes

Nigeria is home to a wide variety of vegetarian dishes that are both delicious and nutritious. Here are some popular examples:

1. Egusi Soup with Vegetables: This flavorful melon seed-based soup is packed with an assortment of vegetables like spinach or pumpkin leaves. It is often enjoyed with pounded yam or fufu.

2. Jollof Rice with Plant-Based Protein: Jollof rice is a spicy dish traditionally made with meat or fish but can be easily adapted into a vegetarian version by using meat substitutes like tofu or tempeh.

3. Moi Moi (Bean Pudding): Moi Moi is a protein-rich steamed dish made from beans, spices, and various vegetables. It is often served as a side dish or breakfast option.

4. Vegetable Efo Riro: Efo Riro is a colorful spinach stew that features an assortment of vegetables such as bell peppers, carrots, tomatoes, and onions. It can be enjoyed with rice or pounded yam.

5. Akara (Bean Fritters): Akara is a popular street food in Nigeria made from deep-fried savory balls of black-eyed peas batter. These fritters are crispy on the outside and soft on the inside.

Here are two recipes for you to try:

Egusi Soup with Vegetables Recipe:
– Heat palm oil in a pot and sauté chopped onions until translucent.
– Add ground egusi (melon seeds), chopped tomatoes, scotch bonnet pepper, and any desired vegetables.
– Season with salt, bouillon powder, and other spices of choice.
– Simmer for around 20 minutes until the soup thickens.
– Serve hot with pounded yam or fufu.

Jollof Rice with Plant-Based Protein Recipe:
– Sauté onions and garlic in vegetable oil until golden brown.
– Add tomato puree, diced bell peppers, scotch bonnet pepper, and cook until well combined.
– Pour in vegetable broth and bring to a boil.
– Stir in rice and meat substitute (tofu or tempeh) cubes.
– Cover the pot tightly and cook on low heat for 20 minutes or until the rice is fully cooked.

Adapting Nigerian Meat Dishes into Vegetarian Versions

For those who crave traditional Nigerian meat dishes but prefer vegetarian alternatives, here are two options:

1. Vegan Suya Skewers: Instead of using meat for suya skewers, marinate grilled vegetable skewers in suya spice mix. This blend of spices, including peanuts and hot pepper, gives the dish its unique flavor.

2. Plantain Pottage: This comforting stew-like dish can be transformed into a vegetarian delight by substituting meat with ripe plantains. Cook the plantains with vegetables, palm oil, and seasonings for a hearty and flavorful meal.

Tips for Finding Vegan-Friendly Restaurants or Markets in Nigeria

While dining out as a vegetarian in Nigeria may pose some challenges, it is still possible to find vegan-friendly options. Consider the following tips:

– Research beforehand: Look up local restaurants that offer vegetarian or vegan dishes.
– Communicate your dietary needs: Inform restaurant staff about your dietary preferences to ensure they can accommodate you.
– Seek out international cuisines: Many international restaurants in Nigeria offer vegetarian or vegan options.
– Explore local markets: Visit local markets to find fresh fruits, vegetables, legumes, and grains for cooking at home.

Health Benefits of Nigerian Vegetarian Cuisine

A Nigerian vegetarian diet offers various health advantages due to its emphasis on plant-based ingredients rich in essential nutrients. Some specific benefits include:

– Reduced risk of chronic diseases: A diet high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes has been linked to a reduced risk of heart disease, obesity, and certain cancers.
– Increased fiber intake: Nigerian vegetarian recipes often contain high amounts of fiber from beans (egusi), vegetables (spinach), and whole grains (brown rice). Fiber aids digestion and helps maintain bowel regularity.
– Balanced macronutrient profile: Plant-based protein sources like beans (moi moi), tofu/tempeh (jollof rice), and nuts/seeds present in Nigerian vegetarian cuisine provide essential amino acids required by the body.
– Essential micronutrients: Vegetables like spinach found abundantly in dishes like vegetable efo riro are rich in vitamins A, C, and K, as well as minerals like iron and calcium.


Nigerian vegetarian cuisine offers a diverse and flavorful range of plant-based dishes that cater to both taste buds and dietary preferences. The popularity of vegetarianism in Nigeria is on the rise due to cultural changes and health considerations. By adapting traditional meat-heavy recipes into vegetarian versions or exploring the rich variety of existing vegetarian dishes, individuals can enjoy the beauty of plant-based Nigerian cuisine while reaping numerous health benefits. So why not give these recipes a try and delve into the colorful world of Nigerian vegetarian delights?